Which metal has the highest melting point and why?

Tungsten has the highest melting point of all metals. Its melting point is approximately 3,422 degrees Celsius (6,192 degrees Fahrenheit). Tungsten’s extremely high melting point can be attributed to several key factors:

1. Strong metallic bonds: Tungsten atoms form strong metallic bonds with each other, forming a highly stable and strong lattice structure. These strong metallic bonds require a large amount of energy to break, resulting in tungsten’s high melting point.

2. Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration of tungsten plays a crucial role in its high melting point. Tungsten has 74 electrons arranged in its atomic orbitals and has a high degree of electron delocalization, resulting in strong metal bonding and high cohesive energy.

3. High atomic mass: Tungsten has a relatively high atomic mass, which contributes to its strong interatomic interactions. The large number of tungsten atoms results in a high degree of inertia and stability within the crystal lattice, requiring large amounts of energy input to disrupt the structure.

4. Refractory properties: Tungsten is classified as a refractory metal and is known for its excellent heat resistance and wear resistance. Its high melting point is a defining characteristic of refractory metals, making it valuable for applications in high-temperature environments.

5. Crystal Structure: Tungsten has a body-centered cubic (BCC) crystal structure at room temperature, which contributes to its high melting point. The arrangement of atoms in the BCC structure provides strong interatomic interactions, enhancing the material’s ability to withstand high temperatures.

Tungsten has the highest melting point of all metals due to its remarkable combination of strong metallic bonds, electron configuration, atomic mass, and crystal structure. This special property makes tungsten indispensable for applications that require the material to maintain its structural integrity at extremely high temperatures, such as aerospace, electrical contacts and high-temperature furnace components.


molybdenum pin



Molybdenum has a body-centered cubic (BCC) crystal structure at room temperature. In this arrangement, molybdenum atoms are located at the corners and center of the cube, creating a highly stable and tightly packed lattice structure. Molybdenum’s BCC crystal structure helps increase its strength, ductility and high-temperature resistance, making it a valuable material for a variety of industrial applications, including aerospace, high-temperature furnaces and structural components that withstand extreme conditions.


molybdenum pin (3) molybdenum pin (4)

Post time: Apr-30-2024